Ice climbing is a kind of a winter sport that requires a high level of endurance and will and can be exercised on frozen waterfalls, for instance. The necessary equipment is made of ice axe, crampons, helmet, rope and appropriate clothing. Ice climbing and climbing on the whole requires special skills. In the past the nails for ice climbing were used but nowadays ice screw are highly used. Besides, they are considered to be less dangerous.
A special discipline of ice climbing is the dry-tooling where a rock wall with the appropriate equipment is climbed. The emergence of the dry-tooling was caused by the fact that the ice climber needed to reach the icy rocks and cliffs. Another variant of ice climbing is relatively young –the mixed climbing at the alternatively dry-tooling and ice climbing is exercised.
Ice climbing is especially popular in such countries likr Austria, Switzerland, Russia and the Nordic countries such as Sweden, Finland, Estonia and Latvia. There is no special preparation for this winter sport. During the winter holidays one can find the secured travel providers who offer climbing of a very slight degree of difficulty. Ice climbing includes many hazards such as falls. Sometimes they can be really dangerous for life.
Ice climbing has not the competitive character as first of all it depends on caution and prudence. So, there are no world championships or whatever. The equipment should essential because this allows reducing the unnecessary weight as a dangerous depletion of this result. It is reasonable to take some hot beverages (like tea) and meal with you.