Alpine skiing is a winter sport in which a skier runs down a race track marked gates which are to be followed. There is at present up to five competitions. They differ in the setting of goals and the resulting speeds. The Alpine ski circuit is therefore a particularly sheltered racetrack, with fishing nets, and special upholstery vulnerable areas. Moreover, the poles of the gates are very flexible, so that further violations can occur.
These disciplines differ in the position of the gates. The further the gate the faster the driving speed is. The disciplines are: downhill, giant slalom, slalom, super-G and Alpine combination. These apply slalom and giant slalom competitions as technology and super-G and downhill as the speed competitions. The technique competitions require deeper skills. Here, the competitors have two runs, their times will be aggregated and the runners start the second run in reverse order. The speed competitions require more strength, endurance and courage. Here is one of only a single pass. The shortest duration wins.
Before the run the sportsmen should look closely through the driving distance and have up to three previous runs in order to accurately remember all the obstacles.
Special Alpine Ski areas exist in Austria, France, Italy, Canada, Norway, Sweden and Germany.